Where is it?
Welcome to Hlinsko, to the collection of folk buildings called Betlém. This place together with Veselý Kopec, Možděnice and Sv. Hamry is one part of the open air museum called "Highlands". This collection inspects the Monument Institute in Pardubice. Now something about the history of the town Hlinsko. Hlinsko had been known since the beginning of the 12th century. Several parishes gave to rise to Hlinsko. The Parish near the church was settled first of all. Hlinsko had belonged to the Rychmburg manor. There was an important trade way, that connected Bohemia and Moravia. The name Hlinsko is descended from rich deposits of clay. Pottery was a very widespread handicraft. From the other crafts I can name weaving on weaving looms. The biggest boom of our town was after 1865, when Karel Adámek became mayor (father of Karel Václav Adámek). He worked in his office for 53 years. Thanks his progressive ideas Hlinsko became an industrial town with the rich cultural and social life. The folk architecture of Betlém is the system of wooden houses in the centre of hlinsko. That neighbrhood was created in the middle of the 18th century by petty craftsman, mainly potters and weavers. There petty craftsmen bought their houses. Now that place is known as Betlém. In 1731 there were only two little houses. People living in Betlém had bought petty houses, which were built in other villages. The constrction material was timber - material very good, accesible and easy to make with it. All houses have one big room, a hall with "a black kitchen" and a chamber, sometimes with a pig stale for cattle. The original material on roofs was "šindel" (spruce wood). From the end of the 19th century there were cardboard. From the 30. years of the 20th century are on roofs eternit patterns. Also colours of windows were various. Since the end of the 19th century people had painted walls with white,pink, green and blue colours. In Betlém had lived mainly families of petty craftsmen - potters. After 1870 alll deposits of clay were exhausted. Then came the weaving. In all hoses were weaving looms. Then Betlém became a district of factory workmen and their families. The sixties of the 20th century were the period of devastation of Betlém. People who had lived there moved into some modern houses.The houses of Betlém were empty and they started change into ruins. Repairing of those buildings started in 1989. In 1995 Betlém was declared a monument reservetion. The Monument Institute in Pardubice takes care for it. There will be 12 objects accesible to public after finishing the renovation.
January-February: Tuestday-Friday 9-16, Saturday 9-12, April: every day without Tuesday 8-16, May-September: every day without Tuesday 8-17, October-December: 8-16 Telephone: +420 469/311429